A gold necklace, gop chain (a single wire gold chain), decorated with enameled finials and a centre pendant, with a multicolored enamel scene of the main characters of the epic poem the RAMAYANA.
On the pendant is an important Pahari School miniature of RAM DARBAR, on his left side the god Hanuman with the monkey face presenting offerings of worship to Lord RAMA, and his wife SITA.
The miniature is a rare stone colour enamel portrait style painting in folk style inspired by the famous Pahari School in Punjab, most likely from Basoli or Chamba, which were the principal centres of Pahari Painting in Punjab. (late 17th centuries down to the 19th) ( now Himachal Pradesh)
On the gop chain are three gold oblong enamel decorations depicting an open lotus flower and a bird on either side.
Most probably the necklace and the three oblong decorations were made in a later period to match this important pendant, as was common use in India.
Gold Gop chain, North India, 19th century
Three gold oblong enamel decorations, Punjab (Himachal Pradesh) 19th century
Gold pendant, India, Punjab, 18th century
The Ramayana is an epic of ancient India, authored by Maharishi Valmiki at the instance of Sage Narada.
The Ramayana is one of the two most important epics of India and Nepal, the other being the MAHABARATA.
The name Ramayana translates to” Rama’s journey”.
The Ramayana consists of 24,000 verses in seven books (kāṇḍas) and 500 cantos (sargas) and tells the story of Rama (an incarnation or avatar of the Hindu preserver-God Vishnu), whose wife Sita is abducted by the demon king of Lanka, Ravana. Thematically, the Ramayana explores human values and the concept of dharma. It depicts the duties of relationships, portraying ideal characters like the ideal father, ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal wife and the ideal king.
Research report by Naturalis Biodiversity Centre available on request