GOLD EAR STUDS
India, mid 20th century
Gold ear studs, in a round flower shape, set with flat cut diamonds. The reverse is decorated with multi colored enamel work. The word karnphul comes from karn (meaning ear) and phul (meaning flower).
In many different designs distinguishing various species, the flower is in fact the ultimate symbol for femininity and fertility – the female pudendum, the womb, and the birth-giver. The color red also symbolizes fertility, but it symbolizes life as well. Therefore red stones are often mounted in jewellery with flower motifs.
The Sanskrit name for diamond is vajra, meaning impenetrable, also thunderbolt which is indicative of instant illumination. The Persian almas for diamond means as invincible. The word diamond has, however, been derived from the Latin adamas, from Greek for unconquerable. Diamond is the crystalline form of carbon. It is found in nature as water-worn pebbles, or grains in river-gravels and other alluvial deposits. The diamond is one of the most popular gemstones, owing chiefly to its lustre. It is the hardest substance known and, therefore, is used as an abrasive.
Pins have been redone for hygiene purpose and to accommodate western standard
Ganguly, Waltraud Earrings, Ornamental Beauty and Identity in India, pg 255
Cutsem, Anne van Welt der Ohrringe ill. pg 139
Untracht, Oppi Traditional Jewelry of India, ill. 800